VOA 1分ニュース スクリプト 12/10/03


A Syrian opposition group says explosions in the province of Dara killed twenty people Tuesday. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported clashes and bombardments in almost every province from Daraa in the south to Aleppo in the north. And, it said five unidentified bodies were found in the Zara area. Syria’s Sana news agency reported Tuesday that the military had killed a group of terrorists and destroyed explosives factories in the city of Aleppo. Also on Tuesday, Turkish troops shot and killed one Kurdish militia member on the Syrian side of the border. Another opposition group, the Local Coordination Committees said Syrian government troops were attacking rebel positions outside Damascus.


In Nigeria, witnesses say gunmen killed at least twenty-five people at a student housing area in northeastern Nigeria. The attack took place late Monday at the Federal Polytechnic college in the town of Mubi in Adamawa state. Students at the school say gunshots were heard for at least three hours. Officials say the attackers may have known their victims because they entered a housing area and called out the victims by name. One student told VOA the attackers asked questions about religion and politics and then killed those who gave the wrong answers. The Islamist group Boko Haram is known for carrying out attacks in northeastern Nigeria. An official with Nigeria’s emergency management agency says the incident may have been linked to college politics after recent student elections.


Major political change is coming to the Republic of Georgia after the opposition defeated the ruling party of President Mikheil Saakashvili in Monday’s parliamentary election. The President admitted Tuesday his party had been defeated by the Georgian Dream Coalition led by billionaire Bidzina Ivanishvili. In a statement carried on television, Mr. Saakashvili promised to help the opposition with a new government. He will remain Georgia’s president until his term ends next year. Under changes in the constitution, many of the President’s powers will then be turned over to a new prime minister. Mr. Ivanishvili has said he wants to be prime minister. He promised news reporters Tuesday that there will be no political repression just because some people have different political views. But, he also said anyone who committed a crime would be charged and put on trial.


Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has rejected increasing criticism of his economic policies by the Iranian people. Iran’s money is on a path to another record low against the dollar. Street traders said the rial traded as low as thirty-nine thousand per dollar in the unofficial or black market on Tuesday before rising a small amount. Last week, it traded at about twenty-four thousand to the dollar. Iran’s money has dropped sharply in value this year as the United States and European Union increased economic restrictions. The goal is to pressure Iran to suspend its disputed uranium enrichment program. Parliament Speaker Ali Larijani says he believes eighty percent of Iran’s economic problems are linked to government mismanagement. Mr. Ahmadinejad said government policies have nothing to do with the money’s weakness. He blames what he calls psychological pressure from Iran’s enemies.


Amnesty International is urging Egypt to hold police and military members responsible for abuses against protesters. The rights group also wants the government to reform the police and armed forces to prevent future violations. The group released two reports on Tuesday. One said investigations showed that Egyptian troops abused, tortured and killed protesters during demonstrations. The protests took place under the rule of the country’s military council. Amnesty noted that military courts have tried protesters. But, it said no action has been taken against the soldiers responsible for the abuses. The second report details abuses by Egypt’s three main police forces.